How I Do It: Callus Debridement and the Diabetic Foot

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Dr. Haywan Chiu

Haywan Chiu, DPM, is a practicing podiatrist in Albuquerque, New Mexico. He has a special interest in the diabetic foot. Haywan runs Diabetic Foot Guardian, an easily digestible resource for patients regarding feet and diabetes.

 

Callus Debridement Can Be Diagnostic

Calluses form when shear forces and pressure induce the epidermis to reinforce itself. In patients with diminished pain sensation such as in diabetic neuropathy, continued friction from shear forces and pressure evolves the callus into a blister, then a blood blister (figure 1). When I see a bloody foot callus, I know that at some point, there was a break in the dermis. I don’t know if it has healed on its own or if it has expanded into a full blown ulcer because I can’t see past the callus. In fact, some calluses can be so thick I can’t even see the blood underneath! The only way to find out what’s hiding is to debride the callus.

Continue reading “How I Do It: Callus Debridement and the Diabetic Foot”

Dr. Paul Marik Responds: Vitamin C in Sepsis

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Dr. Paul Marik

On April 7, 2017, Paging MDCalc published an interview with three critical care experts regarding the Marik et al study on vitamin C in sepsis. Here is Dr. Marik’s response:

There are $20 billion reasons why there are so many skeptics, and they simply don’t understand the enormous body of research. We did not suck this out of thin air. I really don’t mind the skeptics; it generates discussion, and has raised awareness of the treatment and sepsis (that’s good). Unfortunately, patients will die while skeptics debate its merits. Continue reading “Dr. Paul Marik Responds: Vitamin C in Sepsis”

First Scurvy, Now Sepsis: Is Vitamin C the New Old Wonder Drug?

See Dr. Marik’s response to this article. 

fresh-orange-juice-529486301-5828e1903df78c6f6abe5c9aA recent small single-center before-and-after trial by Marik et al showed that vitamins in combination with other relatively safe therapies may improve outcomes in sepsis. We asked three critical care physicians to give their thoughts on the debate on vitamin C in sepsis, and our own co-founder and healthcare finance expert Joe Habboushe to weigh in on the cost/price argument. Continue reading “First Scurvy, Now Sepsis: Is Vitamin C the New Old Wonder Drug?”

Insights from Dr. Christopher Seymour, Creator of the qSOFA Score

Ah, sepsis. You can’t solve a problem without defining it, and sepsis has been notoriously difficult to define, let alone treat. The body of data on sepsis is growing, as well as laypeople’s awareness of the disease. Yet it still manages to elude clinicians in many ways. We talked to Dr. Christopher Seymour, Sepsis-3 investigator and creator of the qSOFA Score, about using qSOFA to help in the management of sepsis.

Bonus: We also asked Dr. Seymour about his thoughts on vitamin C in sepsis. Come back to Paging MDCalc next week to see what he (and other critical care docs) had to say! Continue reading “Insights from Dr. Christopher Seymour, Creator of the qSOFA Score”